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Eat Smarter Special

BEETS

Special
10. Research
9 of 10

Benefits

Barazesh, Solmaz. "Probing Question: How Do Antioxidants Work?" Penn State University. N.p., 18 Aug. 2008. Web. 25 May 2016. http://news.psu.edu/story/141171/2008/08/18/research/probing-question-how-do-antioxidants-work
Bidulescu, Aurelian, Lloyd E. Chambless, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Steven H. Zeisel, and Gerardo Heiss. "Usual Choline and Betaine Dietary Intake and Incident Coronary Heart Disease: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study." U.S. National Library of Medicine. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 13 July 2007. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1934379/
Blencowe, Hannah, Simon Cousens, Bernadette Modell, and Joy Lawn. "Folic Acid to Reduce Neonatal Mortality from Neural Tube Disorders." Oxford Journals. International Journal of Epidemiology, May 2010. Web. 26 May 2016. http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/content/39/suppl_1/i110.full
Chiou, G. C. "Review: Effects of Nitric Oxide on Eye Diseases and Their Treatment." U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Apr. 2001. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11324986
Clifford, Tom, Glyn Howatson, Daniel J. West, and Emma J. Stevenson. "The Potential Benefits of Red Beetroot Supplementation in Health and Disease." U.S. National Library of Medicine. MDPI, 25 Apr. 2015. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4425174/
Coles, Leah T., and Peter M. Clifton. "Effect of Beetroot Juice on Lowering Blood Pressure in Free-living, Disease-free Adults: A Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial." U.S. National Library of Medicine. Nutrition Journal, 11 Dec. 2012. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3545899/
Dhalla, N. S., R. M. Temsah, and T. Netticadan. "Role of Oxidative Stress in Cardiovascular Diseases." U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Center for Biotechnology Information, June 2000. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10872549
Ehrlich, Steven D., NMD. "Copper." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., 2 Jan. 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/copper
Ehrlich, Steven D., NMD. "Manganese." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., 31 May 2013. Web. 26 May 2016. http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/manganese
Ehrlich, Steven D., NMD. "Phosphorus." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., 5 Aug. 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/phosphorus
Ehrlich, Steven D., NMD. "Potassium." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., 5 Aug. 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/potassium
Ehrlich, Steven D., NMD. "Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., 5 Aug. 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/vitamin-b6-pyridoxine
Ehrlich, Steven D., NMD. "Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., 5 Aug. 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/vitamin-b9-folic-acid
Ehrlich, Steven D., NMD. "Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)." University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., 16 July 2013. Web. 26 May 2016. http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/vitamin-c-ascorbic-acid
Erkkilä, A. T., and A. H. Lichtenstein. "Fiber and Cardiovascular Disease Risk: How Strong Is the Evidence?" U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Jan.-Feb. 2006. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16407729
Fajardo-Lira, Claudia, PhD. "What Are Antioxidants and Why Do You Need Them?" Newswise. N.p., 7 Sept. 2011. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.newswise.com/articles/what-are-antioxidants-and-why-do-you-need-them
Greenberg, James A., Stacey J. Bell, Yong Guan, and Yan-hong Yu. "Folic Acid Supplementation and Pregnancy: More Than Just Neural Tube Defect Prevention." U.S. National Library of Medicine. Reviews in Obstetrics and Gynecology, July-Aug. 2011. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3218540/
Jones, Andy, Prof. "Beetroot Juice Boosts Stamina, New Study Shows."University of Exeter. N.p., 6 Aug. 2009. Web. 26 May 2016. http://sshs.exeter.ac.uk/news/research/title_37371_en.html
Kanner, J., S. Harl, and R. Granit. "Betalains--a New Class of Dietary Cationized Antioxidants." U.S. National Library of Medicine. N.p., Nov. 2001. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11714300
Keefe, Sandy. "Soluble Fiber & Beets." Livestrong.com. N.p., 15 Aug. 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.livestrong.com/article/370840-soluble-fiber-beets/
Lee, Chen-Hsien, Mahinda Wettasinghe, Bradley W. Bolling, Li-Li Ji, and Kirk L. Parkin. "Betalains, Phase II Enzyme-Inducing Components From Red Beetroot (Beta Vulgaris L.) Extracts." Nutrition and Cancer (2005): n. pag. Encognitive. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.encognitive.com/files/Betalains,%20Phase%20II%20Enzyme-Inducing%20Components%20From%20Red%20Beetroot%20(Beta%20vulgaris%20L.)%20Extracts.pdf
Martinez, R. M., D. T. Longhi-Balbinot, A. C. Zarpelon, L. Staurengo-Ferrari, M. M. Baracat, S. R. Georgetti, R. C. Sassonia, W. A. Verri, and R. Casagrande. "Anti-inflammatory Activity of Betalain-rich Dye of Beta Vulgaris: Effect on Edema, Leukocyte Recruitment, Superoxide Anion and Cytokine Production." U.S. National Library of Medicine. N.p., Apr. 2015. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25173360
Naghii, M. R., and S. Samman. "The Role of Boron in Nutrition and Metabolism." U.S. National Library of Medicine. Progress in Food and Nutrition Science, Oct.-Nov. 1993. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8140253
Nordqvist, Christian. "Inflammation: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment."Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, 16 Sept. 2015. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/248423.php
Rajaie, Somayeh, and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh. "Dietary Choline and Betaine Intakes and Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases: Review of Epidemiological Evidence." U.S. National Library of Medicine. Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, July 2011. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3347848/
Ravichandrana, Kavitha, Nay Min Min Thaw Sawa, Adel AA Mohdalya, Ahmed MM Gabra, Anja Kastella, Heidi Riedela, Zhenzhen Caia, Dietrich Knorrb, and Iryna Smetanskaa. "Impact of Processing of Red Beet on Betalain Content and Antioxidant Activity." ScienceDirect. Food Research International, 20 July 2011. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096399691100442X
Reddy, M. K., R. L. Alexander-Lindo, and M. G. Nair. "Relative Inhibition of Lipid Peroxidation, Cyclooxygenase Enzymes, and Human Tumor Cell Proliferation by Natural Food Colors." U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Center for Biotechnology Information, 16 Nov. 2005. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16277432
Song, W., C. M. Derito, M. K. Liu, X. He, M. Dong, and R. H. Liu. "Cellular Antioxidant Activity of Common Vegetables." U.S. National Library of Medicine9. National Center for Biotechnology Information, 9 June 2010. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20462192
"Dietary Fiber: Essential for a Healthy Diet." Mayo Clinic. N.p., 22 Sept. 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/fiber/art-20043983
"Inflammation and Heart Disease." Heart.org. N.p., July 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Inflammation-and-Heart-Disease_UCM_432150_Article.jsp#mainContent
"Liver Detoxification Phase II Support." Diagnose Me. N.p., 7 May 2016. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.diagnose-me.com/treatment/liver-detoxification-phase-II-support.php
"Lutein and Zeaxanthin for Vision." WebMD. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.webmd.com/eye-health/lutein-zeaxanthin-vision
"Magnesium — Health Professional Fact Sheet." National Institutes of Health. N.p., 11 Feb. 2016. Web. 26 May 2016. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Magnesium-HealthProfessional/
"Nutrition Facts." Self Nutrition Data. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2348/2
"Phase 1 And 2 Liver Detoxification Pathways." Carahealth. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.carahealth.com/health-conditions-a-to-z/digestive-system/detox/365-phase-1-and-2-liver-detoxification-pathways60.html
"Vitamins and Minerals - Iron ." NHS Choices. N.p., 18 Feb. 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/vitamins-minerals/Pages/Iron.aspx

Disadvantages

Du Plessis, Karen, BSc. "Educational Review - Beetroot." Allergy Advisor. N.p., Feb. 2003. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.allergyadvisor.com/Educational/Febr03.htm
Gunnars, Kris, BSc. "10 Disturbing Reasons Why Sugar Is Bad For You."Authority Nutrition. N.p., 30 Sept. 2013. Web. 26 May 2016. https://authoritynutrition.com/10-disturbing-reasons-why-sugar-is-bad/
Potter, Wendy. "What You Need to Know About the Carbohydrate Diet."Foods4BetterHealth. N.p., 29 May 2013. Web. 26 May 2016. http://foods4betterhealth.com/5-negative-effects-of-the-high-carb-diet-1927
Watts, A. R., M. S. Lennard, S. L. Mason, G. T. Tucker, and H. F. Woods. "Beeturia and the Biological Fate of Beetroot Pigments." U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Dec. 1993. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8148871
"Beets." The World's Healthiest Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=49
"Carbohydrates and Blood Sugar." Harvard T.H. Chan - School of Public Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/carbohydrates/carbohydrates-and-blood-sugar/
"Foods High in Oxalate-Topic Overview." WebMD. N.p., 14 Nov. 2014. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.webmd.com/kidney-stones/tc/foods-high-in-oxylate-topic-overview
"How Much Sugar Is Good for Me?" NHS Choices. N.p., 12 May 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.nhs.uk/chq/pages/1139.aspx?categoryid=51
"Nutrition Facts." Self Nutrition Data. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2348/2
"What Are Oxalates?" OxVox. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://oxvox.com/what-are-oxalates/

About

Clifford, Tom, Glyn Howatson, Daniel J. West, and Emma J. Stevenson. "The Potential Benefits of Red Beetroot Supplementation in Health and Disease." U.S. National Library of Medicine. MDPI, 25 Apr. 2015. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4425174/
Jones, Andy, Prof. "Beetroot Juice Boosts Stamina, New Study Shows."University of Exeter. N.p., 6 Aug. 2009. Web. 26 May 2016. http://sshs.exeter.ac.uk/news/research/title_37371_en.html
McMahon, Mary, and Bronwyn Harris. "What Are Beets?" WiseGeek. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-beets.htm
Naghii, M. R., and S. Samman. "The Role of Boron in Nutrition and Metabolism." U.S. National Library of Medicine. Progress in Food and Nutrition Science, Oct.-Nov. 1993. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8140253
"A Brief History of the Beetroot." Musings about Gastronomy and Culture in Northern Europe. N.p., 18 July 2011. Web. 27 May 2016. https://kristinalupp.com/2011/07/18/a-brief-history-of-the-beetroot/
"Beets." The World's Healthiest Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=49
"Beta Vulgaris." ITIS Report. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2016. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=20681
"Nutrition Facts." Self Nutrition Data. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2348/2

History

Avey, Tori. "Discover the History of Beets." PBS. N.p., 8 Oct. 2014. Web. 27 May 2016. http://www.pbs.org/food/the-history-kitchen/history-beets/
"A Brief History of the Beetroot." Musings about Gastronomy and Culture in Northern Europe. N.p., 18 July 2011. Web. 27 May 2016. https://kristinalupp.com/2011/07/18/a-brief-history-of-the-beetroot/
"Beet." New World Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2016. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Beet
"Beets." The World's Healthiest Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=49

Q&A

Ames, Katrine. "How to Select, Store, and Cook Summer Produce." Real Simple. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.realsimple.com/food-recipes/shopping-storing/food/select-store-cook-summer-produce/buying-storing-preparing-beets
Chavez, Veronica. "Better With Beets: How the Crimson Vegetable Is Taking the Food World By Storm." One Green Planet. N.p., 24 May 2016. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/how-beets-are-taking-the-food-world-by-storm/
Clifford, Tom, Glyn Howatson, Daniel J. West, and Emma J. Stevenson. "The Potential Benefits of Red Beetroot Supplementation in Health and Disease." U.S. National Library of Medicine. MDPI, 25 Apr. 2015. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4425174/
McMahon, Mary, and Bronwyn Harris. "What Are Beets?" WiseGeek. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-beets.htm
Ravichandrana, Kavitha, Nay Min Min Thaw Sawa, Adel AA Mohdalya, Ahmed MM Gabra, Anja Kastella, Heidi Riedela, Zhenzhen Caia, Dietrich Knorrb, and Iryna Smetanskaa. "Impact of Processing of Red Beet on Betalain Content and Antioxidant Activity." ScienceDirect. Food Research International, 20 July 2011. Web. 25 May 2016. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096399691100442X
"Beets." Old Farmer's Almanac. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.almanac.com/plant/beets
"Beets." The World's Healthiest Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=49
Nutrition Facts." Self Nutrition Data. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016. http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2348/2
"Types of Beets." Berkeley Wellness. N.p., 29 Sept. 2015. Web. 26 May 2016. http://www.berkeleywellness.com/healthy-eating/foodhttp://www.berkeleywellness.com/healthy-eating/food/article/types-beets/article/types-beets